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Eczema is a chronic skin condition that causes the skin to become itchy, reddened, dry and cracked. Atopic eczema is the most common form of eczema, and mainly affects children. The exact cause of atopic eczema is unknown, but it often occurs in people who are prone to allergies.

Atopic eczema can vary in severity. Some people are only mildly affected and have small areas of dry skin, which are occasionally itchy. Others may experience more severe symptoms, such as cracked, sore and bleeding skin.

People with severe eczema often find that it has a significant impact on their daily lives. It may be difficult to deal with, both physically and psychologically. However, there are many different treatments that can help control symptoms and manage the eczema.



The symptoms of atopic eczema may always be present, but during a flare-up they will worsen and you may need more intense treatment.

Atopic eczema can cause your skin to become:

  • Dry,
  • Itchy,
  • Red,
  • Broken,
  • Thickened and
  • Cracked.

During a flare-up, your skin may be:

  • Extremely itchy, red, hot, dry and scaly,
  • Wet, weeping and swollen, and
  • Infected with bacteria (usually staphylococcus).

Broken skin can commonly lead to secondary infections, which are unpleasant and in severe cases may be difficult to treat. Eye complications of atopic eczema include conjunctivae irritation, and less commonly, conjunctivitis and cataracts.





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