Asthma is a long-term condition that can cause a cough, wheezing and breathlessness. The severity of the symptoms varies from person to person.
Asthma is caused by inflammation of the airways. These are the small tubes, called bronchi, which carry air in and out of the lungs. If you have asthma, the bronchi will be inflamed and more sensitive than normal. When you come into contact with something that irritates your lungs, known as a trigger, your airways become narrow, the muscles around them tighten and there is an increase in the production of sticky mucus (phlegm). This makes it difficult to breathe and causes wheezing and coughing. It may also make your chest feel tight.
A severe onset of symptoms is known as an asthma attack.
A trigger is anything that irritates the airways and brings on the symptoms of asthma. These differ from person to person and people with asthma may have several triggers.
Common triggers include diet, house dust mites, pollen, tobacco smoke, exercise, and wet-cold air (high humidity) and chest infections.
The symptoms of asthma include:
- feeling breathless (you may gasp for breath)
- a tight chest, like a band tightening around it
- wheezing, which makes a whistling sound when you breathe
- coughing, particularly at night and early morning
- attacks triggered by exercise, exposure to allergens and other triggers
You may have one or more of these symptoms. Symptoms that are worse during the night or with exercise can mean that asthma is getting worse.
Asthma in Children:-
In recent years, there has been a worldwide increase in the number of children with asthma. This trend has been linked to environmental factors, including air pollution. However, it is important to understand that indoor triggers can play just as much of a role as outdoor triggers in bringing on an asthma attack. It is a shocking scenario that the cases of paediatric asthma are growing in India as well and calls for early diagnosis, treatment and management among children.
In children, an asthma attack can appear suddenly with severe symptoms. For this reason, it is important that asthma be diagnosed and treated correctly. Dr Abraham assures that ninety nine percent of the paediatric asthma cases are completely curable with the cooperation from parents. His eminent professional experience of last thirty years gives evidence for this assurance.
According to Dr Abraham, the only complications in the case of adult Asthma are the patient’s history of smoking, industrial dust exposure, other diseases, etc. Even in the most complicated cases of Asthma in adults, Dr Abraham has offered and provided the best management in the world.
Asthma and Humidity:-
There is a significant positive correlation between the humid nature and Asthma. Asthma and humidity should not be put together as these two things can really damage your body. The growing number of people suffering from Asthma and Allergic diseases in Kerala is a contribution of the high humidity existing here.